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Título: Agronomic and economic efficiency of common-bean inoculation with rhizobia and mineral nitrogen fertilization
Palavras-chave: Phaseolus vulgaris - Nitrogen fixation
Conventional tillage
No-till system
Phaseolus vulgaris - Fixação de nitrogênio
Preparo convencional
Sistema de plantio direto
Data do documento: 2016
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo
Citação: SOARES, B. L. et al. Agronomic and economic efficiency of common-bean inoculation with rhizobia and mineral nitrogen fertilization. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, Viçosa, MG, v. 40, p. 1-13, 2016. doi:
Resumo: Management of biological nitrogen fixation in common bean still requires improvement. The objective of this study was to verify the compatibility of nitrogen fertilization with biological N2 fixation to increase common bean yield and profitability. Four field experiments were performed in four municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil, during the 2009 and 2010 winter crop season. The 2009 crop experiments were set up under a no-till system and the 2010 crop was conducted using conventional tillage. A randomized block experimental design was used with four replications and seven treatments combining application rates of mineral N (at sowing and/or topdressing) and seed inoculation with Rhizobium tropici strain CIAT899. Inoculation with 20 kg ha-1 N-urea at sowing and seed inoculation does not interfere with nodule dry matter and promotes yield comparable to that observed with 80 kg ha-1 N-urea with economic profitability in both no-till and conventional tillage systems. These results show the possibility of economic savings with respect to N fertilizers, but also a significant ecological contribution by avoiding problems associated with misuse of these fertilizers, such as eutrophication of waterways and denitrification.
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