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Título : A hydropedological approach to a mountainous Clayey Humic Dystrudept in the Mantiqueira Range, southeastern Brazil
Autor: Pinto, Leandro Campos
Mello, Carlos Rogério de
Norton, Lloyd Darrell
Poggere, Giovana Clarice
Owens, Phillip Ray
Curi, Nilton
Palavras-chave: S index
Saturated hydraulic conductivity
Soil pore size distribution
Soil erosion
Water quality
Publicador: Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Data da publicação: 2018
Referência: PINTO, L. C. et al. A hydropedological approach to a mountainous Clayey Humic Dystrudept in the Mantiqueira Range, southeastern Brazil. Scientia Agricola, Piracicaba, v. 75, n. 1, p. 60-69, Jan./Feb. 2018.
Abstract: The Mantiqueira Range region is one of the most important headwaters in southeastern Brazil. In this context, the relationship between pedology and hydrology has been debated and analyzed in recent years, contributing to the creation of a multidisciplinary science call hydropedology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the hydropedological properties of a mountainous Clayey Humic Dystrudept in the Mantiqueira Range region, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, comparing two land-uses, native forest and pasture. The hydraulic conductivity results demonstrated that native forest (MFO) has a strong influence on this parameter, offering conditions for movement of water in the soil that are more adequate in this profile than in pasture. These results were supported by pore size distribution analyses which showed that soil from native forest has a greater amount of macropores than soil from pasture as well as greater connectivity between the macropores. In general, the MFO site had greater S index values than the micro-catchment taken from pasture, offering favorable physical conditions for the formation of preferential flowpaths in the soil profile and, therefore, better conditions for groundwater recharge. Soil erosion and water quality results confirmed the importance of native forest areas in the interaction between interception of the direct impact of intense precipitation on the soil surface, and hydropedological attributes, such as saturated hydraulic conductivity and porosity.
Idioma: pt_BR
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