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Title: Angiotensin II in septic shock: effects on tissue perfusion, organ function, and mitochondrial respiration in a porcine model of fecal peritonitis
Keywords: Septic shock
Angiotensin II – Therapeutic use
Norepinephrine - Therapeutic use
Swine as laboratory animals
Choque séptico
Angiotensina II – Uso terapêutico
Norepinefrina - Uso terapêutico
Suíno como animal de laboratório
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Williams & Wilkins
Citation: CORRÊA, T. D. et al. Angiotensin II in septic shock: effects on tissue perfusion, organ function, and mitochondrial respiration in a porcine model of fecal peritonitis. Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, v. 42, n. 8, p. e550-e559, Aug 2014.
Abstract: Objectives: To compare effects of norepinephrine and angiotensin II in experimental sepsis on hemodynamics, organ function, and mitochondrial respiration. Interventions: Sixteen pigs were randomized to receive after 12 hours of fecal peritonitis fluid resuscitation and either norepinephrine (group NE; n = 8) or angiotensin II (group AT-II; n = 8) for 48 hours. A separate group (n = 8), treated with enalapril for 1 week before peritonitis and until study end, received fluids and norepinephrine (group E). The blood pressure dose-response to angiotensin II was evaluated in additional four nonseptic pigs. Measurements and Main Results: Blood pressure ­target (75–85mm Hg) was reached in both NE and AT-II, and ­cardiac output increased similarly (NE: from 64mL/kg/min [60–79mL/kg/min] to 139mL/kg/min [126–157mL/kg/min]; AT-II from 79mL/kg/min [65–86mL/kg/min] to 145mL/kg/min [126–147mL/kg/min]; median, interquartile range). Renal plasma flow, prevalence of acute kidney injury, inflammation and ­coagulation patterns, and mitochondrial respiration did not differ between NE and AT-II. In group E, blood pressure targets were not achieved (mean arterial pressure at study end: NE: 81mm Hg [76–85mm Hg]; AT-II: 80mm Hg [77–84mm Hg]; E: 53mm Hg [49–66mm Hg], p = 0.002, compared to NE), whereas skeletal muscle adenosine triphosphate concentrations were increased. During resuscitation one animal died in groups AT-II and E. Conclusions: Angiotensin II reversed sepsis-induced hypotension with systemic and regional hemodynamic effects similar to those of norepinephrine. Inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme before sepsis worsened the hypotension but enhanced skeletal muscle adenosine triphosphate. Modifying the renin-angiotensin system in sepsis should be further evaluated.
Appears in Collections:DME - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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