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metadata.artigo.dc.title: New inoculants on maize silage fermentation
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Assis, Fábia Giovana do Val de
Ávila, Carla Luiza da Silva
Pinto, José Cardoso
Schwan, Rosane Freitas
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Filamentous fungi
Lactic acid bacteria
Volatile fatty acids
Maize silage
Silage - Fermentation
Fungos filamentosos
Bactéria do ácido lático
Ensilagem de milho
Silagem - Fermentação
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia 2014
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: ASSIS, F. G. do V. de et al. New inoculants on maize silage fermentation. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa, MG, v. 43, n. 8, p. 395-403, 2014.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of bacterial inoculants at two inoculation rates on chemical and biological characteristics of maize silage. The treatments consisted of two inoculating rates (5 and 6 log cfu g-1 of forage) for each strain of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) identified as Lactobacillus buchneri, L. hilgardii, or L. plantarum. The maize was ensiled in experimental PVC silos. Samples were taken for the determination of the contents of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC), organic acids and alcohols, for the evaluation of the populations of lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, filamentous fungi, and for the determination of pH values during ensilage and after 30 or 90 days of fermentation. The doses of inoculants did not promote significant differences on the evaluated characteristics. There was effect of inoculants on acetic acid, 1.2-propanediol, LAB population, filamentous fungi, and pH value. No significant influence of the treatments with inoculants was observed in the variables DM, WSC, CP, lactic acid concentrations, or ethanol. The maximum temperature, i.e., the time to achieve the maximum temperature (TMT) and aerobic stability (AS), was not influencied by treatments. However, a decrease in maximum temperature, an increase in TMT, and improvement in the AS were observed after 90 days of fermentation. These results proved the advantage of microbial inoculation. The treatments influenced LAB populations and filamentous fungi, but no effect was observed on the yeast population. The best inoculation dose is 6 cfu g-1 of forage because it provides higher reduction of filamentous fungi in maize silage, thereby decreasing the aerobic deterioration by these microorganisms.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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