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Title: Transitory activation of the central and ovarian norepinephrine systems during cold stress-induced polycystic ovary in rats
Keywords: Rats – Polycystic ovary syndrome
Cold-shock response
Ratos – Síndrome do ovário policístico
Resposta ao choque frio
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: BERNUCCI, M. P. et al. Transitory activation of the central and ovarian norepinephrine systems during cold stress-induced polycystic ovary in rats. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, [Oxford], v. 25, n. 1, p. 23-33, Jan. 2013.
Abstract: Cold stress-induced ovarian sympathetic activation is associated with the development of ovarian cysts in rats. Although we have hypothesised that polycystic ovary (PCO) features induced by cold stress, as prevented by lesion of the noradrenergic nucleus locus coeruleus (LC), were a result of the increased activity of the ovarian norepinephrine (NE) system, this was not evident after 8 weeks of stress. In the present study, we investigated the temporal changes in LC and ovarian NE activities and steroid secretion in rats exposed to single (SS) or repeated (RS) cold stress. SS and 4 week (4W)-RS but not 8 week (8W)-RS increased c-Fos expression in the LC and ovarian NE release. Plasma oestradiol, testosterone and progesterone levels tended to increase in 4W-RS and were elevated in 8W-RS rats, which displayed PCO morphology. β-adrenergic receptor agonist increased steroid hormone release from the ovary of unstressed (US) but not from 8W-RS rats. To determine whether increased activity of noradrenergic system during the initial 4 weeks of RS would be sufficient to promote PCO, rats were exposed to 4 weeks of cold stress and kept in ambient temperature for the next 4 weeks (4W-RS/4W-US). Accordingly, PCO morphology, increased steroid secretion and decreased ovulation rate were found in 4W-RS/4W-US rats, strengthening the hypothesis that the initial increase in NE release triggers the development of PCO. The correlated activity of LC neurones and ovarian noradrenergic terminals and the induction of PCO in 4W-RS/4W-US rats provide functional evidence for a major role of NE in disrupting follicular development and causing the long-lasting endocrine abnormalities found in stress-induced PCO.
Appears in Collections:DME - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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