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Title: Adaptive leaf anatomical characteristics of Brachiaria ruziziensis genotypes (Poaceae) in different environments
Other Titles: Características anatômicas foliares adaptativas de genótipos de Brachiaria ruziziensis (Poaceae) em diferentes ambientes
Keywords: Brachiaria - Breeding
Plants - Anatomy
Genotype-environment interaction
Braquiária - Melhoramento genético
Plantas - Anatomia
Interação genótipo-ambiente
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Citation: SANTOS, F. C. et al. Adaptive leaf anatomical characteristics of Brachiaria ruziziensis genotypes (Poaceae) in different environments. Acta Scientiarum: Biological Sciences, Maringá, v. 35, n. 4, p. 579-584, Oct./Dec. 2013.
Abstract: Studies on morphological plasticity are extremely important to plant breeding seeking to optimize genotype interactions with their environments. The present study evaluated 38 genotypes of Brachiaria ruziziensis cultivated during the rainy (October to March) and dry (April to September) seasons and examined variations in their anatomical characteristics. Fully expanded leaves were collected and fixed in FAA70 (formaldehyde: acetic acid: ethyl alcohol) for 72h and subsequently stored in 70% alcohol. Median sections of leaf blades were examined and evaluated according to traditional plant anatomical procedures. Genotypes 15, 27, 40, 53, and 90 demonstrated interactions with the environment in five of the anatomical characteristics evaluated; genotypes 1 and 33 presented no plasticity in any of the characteristics examined. Except for the thickness of abaxial (ABT) and adaxial (ADT) epidermal surfaces, the genotypes showed different behaviors for all the other characteristics evaluated: mesophyll thickness (MT), xylem diameter (XD), distance between bundles (DB), number of bundles (NB), number of bulliform cells (NBC), sclerenchyma tissue area (%L), and bulliform cell area (ABC).
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