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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Optimal defoliation management of brachiaria grass–forage peanut for balanced pasture establishment
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Tamele, O. H.
Sá, O. A. A. Lopes de
Bernardes, T. F.
Lara, M. A. S.
Casagrande, D. R.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Arachis pintoi
Palisade grass
Pasture establishment
Warm‐season legume
Grama Palisade
Estabelecimento de pasto
Legume de estação quente
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Wiley Jun-2018
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: TAMELE, O. H. et al. Optimal defoliation management of brachiaria grass-forage peanut for balanced pasture establishment. Grass and Forage Science, Oxford, v. 73, n. 2, p. 522-531, June 2018.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: A well‐established canopy is crucial for a stable mixed grass–legume forage pasture. The aim of this study was to assess a defoliation intensity that can ensure the establishment of mixed pasture of brachiaria grass (Brachiaria brizantha) intercropped with forage peanut (Arachis pintoi). The treatments comprised four canopy heights: 10, 20, 30 and 40 cm, maintained throughout the first 3 years of pasture establishment. Canopy structure, morphogenetic and structural characteristics were measured. A block design was used with four replicates, and seasons of the year were considered using repeated measurements over time. Light interception during the experimental period was 86.3%, 95.9%, 97.6%, and 99.1% for 10, 20, 30 and 40 cm of defoliation respectively (p < .001). Competition for light in taller canopies (at 30 and 40 cm) caused etiolation of forage peanut (greater internode, petiolate and stolon lengths). This response promoted its upward growth, leading to a lower stolon density compared with 10 and 20 cm. The treatment at 10 cm displayed a predominance of forage peanut (up to 0.614), potentially compromising community stability. Overall, the 20 cm canopy height showed a desired botanical composition (from 0.20 to 0.45 of legume in forage mass) and thus was considered an ideal defoliation intensity for establishment of mixed canopies of brachiaria grass and forage peanut.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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