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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Cellular structure and chemical composition of cork from Plathymenia reticulata occurring in the Brazilian Cerrado
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Mota, Graciene S.
Sartori, Caroline J.
Ferreira, Joana
Miranda, Isabel
Quilhó, Teresa
Mori, Fábio Akira
Pereira, Helena
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Cork - Chemical composition
Cork - Cellular structure
Phenolic extracts
Cell biometry
Lipophilic extracts
Cortiça - Composição química
Cortiça - estrutura celular
Extratos fenólicos
Biometria celular
Extratos lipofílicos
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier 15-Nov-2016
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: MOTA, G. S. et al. Cellular structure and chemical composition of cork from Plathymenia reticulata occurring in the Brazilian Cerrado. Industrial Crops and Products, [S. l.], v. 90, p. 65-75, 15 Nov. 2016.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Herein is described for the first time the chemical composition and cellular structure of Plathymenia reticulata cork from the cerrado in Brazil. The cork constitutes an outer layer around the stem with deep longitudinal fissures. The cells are mostly hexagonal prisms arranged in radial rows with a prism height and cell-wall thickness of 20.6 μm and 1.2 μm (earlycork) and 12.2 μm and 1.4 μm (latecork). The chemical composition is: 0.8% ash, 12.7% extractives, 24.7% suberin, 34.5% lignin and polysaccharides 20.9% (glucose 10.2%, xylose 3.7%, arabinose 2.6%, galactose 1.6%, mannose 1.6%, acetyl groups 0.5%, uronic acids 0.7%). The lipophilic extractives include mainly saturated fatty acids (31.6% of the extractives), terpenoids/terpenes (28.0%), mainly lupeol (11.3%), β-amyrin (4.9%) and taraxerone (5.9%). The sterol β-sitosterol (4.8%) was also identified in interesting amounts (4.8%). Suberin monomers include mainly saturated ω-hydroxyacids (40.7% of the total compounds), saturated α,ω-diacids (21.4%), as well as substituted α,ω-diacids (8.7%), alkanoic acids (8.4%), substituted ω-hydroxyacids (8.0%). The differences in relation to Quercus suber cork are discussed. The characteristics of P. reticulata cork allows considering usages similar to those of Q. suber. Further the extraction of sterols and triterpenoid compounds may be included in a valorisation framework for P. reticulata cork.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DCF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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