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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Bark anatomy, chemical composition and ethanol-water extract composition of Anadenanthera peregrina and Anadenanthera colubrina
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Mota, Graciene S.
Sartori, Caroline J.
Miranda, Isabel
Quilhó, Teresa
Mori, Fábio Akira
Pereira, Helena
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Bark anatomy
Anadenanthera peregrina
Anadenanthera colubrina
Ethanol-water extracts
Anatomia da casca
Extratos etanol-água
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: PLoS ONE Dec-2017
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: MOTA, G. S. et al. Bark anatomy, chemical composition and ethanol-water extract composition of Anadenanthera peregrina and Anadenanthera colubrina. PLoS ONE, [S. l.], v. 12, n. 12, p. 1-14, Dec. 2017. doi:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The bark of Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg and Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan were characterized in relation to anatomical and chemical features. The barks were similar and included a thin conducting phloem, a largely dilated and sclerified non-conducting phloem, and a rhyridome with periderms with thin phellem interspersed by cortical tissues. Only small differences between species were observed that cannot be used alone for taxonomic purposes. The summative chemical composition of A. peregrina and A. colubrina was respectively: 8.2% and 7.7% ash; 28.8% and 29.3% extractives; 2.4% and 2.6% suberin; and 18.9% lignin. The monosaccharide composition showed the predominance of glucose (on average 82% of total neutral sugars) and of xylose (9%). The ethanol-water extracts of A. peregrina and A. colubrina barks included a high content of phenolics, respectively: total phenolics 583 and 682 mg GAE/g extract; 148 and 445 mg CE/g extract; tannins 587 and 98 mg CE/g extract. The antioxidant activity was 238 and 269 mg Trolox/g extract. The barks of the Anadenanthera species are a potential source of polar extractives that will represent an important valorization and therefore contribute to improve the overall economic potential and sustainability of A. peregrina and A. colubrina
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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