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Title: Lima bean nodulates efficiently with Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from diverse legume species
Keywords: Phaseolus lunatus L.
Biological nitrogen fixation
Rhizobia - Symbiosis
Fixação biológica de nitrogênio
Rizóbios - Simbiose
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Publisher: Springer
Citation: COSTA, E. M. da C. et al. Lima bean nodulates efficiently with Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from diverse legume species. Symbiosis, Philadelphia, v. 73, n. 2, p. 125-133, Oct. 2017.
Abstract: Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) is an important legume species that establishes symbiosis with rhizobia, mainly of the Bradyrhizobium genus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of rhizobia of the genus Bradyrhizobium in symbiosis with lima bean, in both Leonard jars and in pots with a Latossolo Amarelo distrófico (Oxisol). In the experiment in Leonard jars, 17 strains isolated from nodules of the three legume subfamilies, Papilionoideae (Vigna unguiculata, Pterocarpus sp., Macroptilium atropurpureum, Swartzia sp., and Glycine max), Mimosoideae (Inga sp.), and Caesalpinioideae (Campsiandra surinamensis) and two uninoculated controls, one with a low concentration (5.25 mg L−1) and another with a high concentration (52.5 mg L−1) of mineral nitrogen (N) were evaluated. The six strains that exhibited the highest efficiency in Leonard jars, isolated from nodules of Vigna unguiculata (UFLA 03–144, UFLA 03–84, and UFLA 03–150), Campsiandra surinamensis (INPA 104A), Inga sp. (INPA 54B), and Swartzia sp. (INPA 86A), were compared to two uninoculated controls, one without and another with 300 mg N dm−3 (NH4NO3) applied to pots with samples of an Oxisol in the presence and absence of liming. In this experiment, liming did not affect nodulation and plant growth; the INPA 54B and INPA 86A strains stood out in terms of shoot dry matter production and provided increases of approximately 48% in shoot N accumulation compared to the native rhizobia populations. Our study is the first to indicate Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from the three legume subfamilies are able to promote lima bean growth via biological nitrogen fixation in soil conditions.
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