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Título : Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals
Autor: Bundschuh, Jochen
Maity, Jyoti Prakash
Mushtaq, Shahbaz
Vithanage, Meththika
Seneweera, Saman
Schneider, Jerusa
Bhattacharya, Prosun
Khan, Nasreen Islam
Hamawand, Ihsan
Guilherme, Luiz R. G.
Reardon-Smith, Kathryn
Parvez, Faruque
Morales-Simfors, Nury
Ghaze, Sara
Pudmenzky, Christa
Kouadio, Louis
Chen, Chien-Yen
Palavras-chave: Medical geology
Geogenic contaminants
Toxic trace elements
Public health
Water resources
Food chain
Geologia médica
Contaminantes geogênicos
Elementos traço tóxicos
Saúde pública
Recursos hídricos
Cadeia alimentar
Publicador: Elsevier
Data da publicação: 1-Mar-2017
Referência: BUNDSCHUH, J. et al. Medical geology in the framework of the sustainable development goals. Science of The Total Environment, Amsterdam, v. 581-582, p. 87-104, 1 Mar. 2017.
Abstract: Exposure to geogenic contaminants (GCs) such as metal(loid)s, radioactive metals and isotopes as well as transuraniums occurring naturally in geogenic sources (rocks, minerals) can negatively impact on environmental and human health. The GCs are released into the environment by natural biogeochemical processes within the near-surface environments and/or by anthropogenic activities such as mining and hydrocarbon exploitation as well as exploitation of geothermal resources. They can contaminate soil, water, air and biota and subsequently enter the food chain with often serious health impacts which are mostly underestimated and poorly recognized. Global population explosion and economic growth and the associated increase in demand for water, energy, food, and mineral resources result in accelerated release of GCs globally. The emerging science of “medical geology” assesses the complex relationships between geo-environmental factors and their impacts on humans and environments and is related to the majority of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals in the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations for Sustainable Development. In this paper, we identify multiple lines of evidence for the role of GCs in the incidence of diseases with as yet unknown etiology (causation). Integrated medical geology promises a more holistic understanding of the occurrence, mobility, bioavailability, bio-accessibility, exposure and transfer mechanisms of GCs to the food-chain and humans, and the related ecotoxicological impacts and health effects. Scientific evidence based on this approach will support adaptive solutions for prevention, preparedness and response regarding human and environmental health impacts originating from exposure to GCs.
Idioma: en_US
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