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|Selenium and mercury in Brazilian Cerrado soils and their relationships with physical and chemical soil characteristics
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|CARVALHO, G. S. et al. Selenium and mercury in Brazilian Cerrado soils and their relationships with physical and chemical soil characteristics. Chemosphere, Oxford, v. 218, p. 412-415, Mar. 2019.
|The objective of this study was to determine the natural concentrations of Hg and Se in 45 representative soil profiles from the Cerrado biome in central Brazil, and to correlate their concentrations with soil chemical and physical characteristics. The study area was composed of three sub-regions: Goiás, Northwest of Minas Gerais, and Minas Gerais Triangle. Selenium and Hg concentrations were determined by acid digestion and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Data were subjected to analysis of variance on the means of the Hg and Se variables within each soil class at two depths, followed by multivariate statistical methods. The Hg concentrations ranged from 15 to 182 μg kg−1 and the Se concentrations ranged from 22 to 72 μg kg−1. The soil characteristics that most contributed to Hg concentrations in the soils, according to principal component analysis, were Fe2O3, FeO, TiO2, pH, P2O5, and effective CEC. In general, the soils of the Cerrado biome have deficient Se concentrations. The Humic Rhodic Acrustoxes have Hg concentrations above the prevention reference value for soils of Minas Gerais.
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