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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Comparative meiosis and cytogenomic analysis in euploid and aneuploid hybrids of Urochloa P. Beauv
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Rocha, Mara Jane da
Chiavegatto, Raquel Bezerra
Damasceno, Ana Gabriela
Rocha, Laiane Corsini
Souza Sobrinho, Fausto
Techio, Vânia Helena
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Microsporogenesis
Genomic analysis
Interspecific hybrids
Trisomy Brachiaria
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer 4-Sep-2019
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: ROCHA, M. J. da et al. Comparative meiosis and cytogenomic analysis in euploid and aneuploid hybrids of Urochloa P. Beauv. Chromosome Research, [S.l.], v. 27, p. 333-344, Sept. 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s10577-019-09616-y.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The genus Urochloa includes most of the important grasses and hybrids currently used as pastures in the tropical regions. Cytogenetic analyzes have identified some aneuploid hybrids that provide new perspectives for genetic breeding. The objective was to analyze the meiotic behavior in euploid (2n = 4x = 36) and aneuploid (2n = 4x = 36 + 2) hybrids of U. ruziziensis x U. decumbens and U. ruziziensis x U. brizantha. Later, the chromosomes and respective genomes involved in pairing configurations and abnormalities were identified through GISH, with an emphasis on tracking the behavior of the additional chromosomes in the aneuploid hybrid U. ruziziensis x U. decumbens (B1B2B2B2 genomes). The aneuploid U. ruziziensis x U. decumbens shows a higher frequency of univalents, reduction of bivalents, and higher index of irregularities compared with the euploid hybrid. For the aneuploid U. ruziziensis x U. brizantha, there was a reduction in the frequency of univalents, an increase in bivalent and trivalent rates and a lower frequency of abnormalities when compared with the euploid hybrid. The rates of meiotic abnormalities and pairing configurations are parental genotype-dependent and influenced by trisomy. The chromosomes of the B1 and B2 genomes of the aneuploid hybrid (U. ruziziensis x U. decumbens) are involved in the formation of univalents, bivalents, and multivalents in inter-, intra- and inter–intragenomic pairings. In general, the segregation times of chromosomes of the genomes are different, since the chromosomes of the B1 genome segregate more slowly.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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