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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Fish as ecological tools to complement biodiversity inventories of benthic macroinvertebrates
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Maroneze, Daniel M.
Tupinambás, Taynan H.
Alves, Carlos B. M.
Vieira, Fábio
Pompeu, Paulo S.
Callisto, Marcos
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Stomach contents
Large rivers
Trophic interactions
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer May-2011
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: MARONEZE, D. M. et al. Fish as ecological tools to complement biodiversity inventories of benthic macroinvertebrates. Hydrobiologia, [S.l.], v. 673, p. 29-40, Sept. 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0747-8.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Sampling benthic macroinvertebrates in large rivers has several limitations, arising not only from the selectivity of traditional sampling gears but also from difficulty in capturing organisms that inhabit the deeper zones and high current velocities. Considering the importance of benthic macroinvertebrates as a food resource for fishes, the sampling restrictions in sediment collection done by dredges, and the importance of surveying benthos biodiversity, the objective of this study was to evaluate the stomach contents of five commonly-occurring invertivorous fish species as a means of complementing a benthic macroinvertebrate inventory. Three sampling campaigns (fish and benthic macroinvertebrate) were conducted in a reach of the Araguari River (Minas Gerais, Brazil), approximately 9 km long and 90 m wide. Astyanax altiparanae Garutti & Britski 2000, Leporinus friderici (Bloch 1794), Leporinus amblyrhynchus Garavello & Britski 1987, Iheringichthys labrosus (Lütken 1874) and Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède 1803 were the fish species collected and studied. To determine benthic macroinvertebrate taxonomic richness, a total of 54 Van Veen sediment samples were obtained. We compared lists of the benthic taxa found in fish stomachs with those from the sediment samples. The differences in the taxonomic composition of the benthic macroinvertebrate communities between the sediment samples and each fish species stomachs contents were assessed through NMDS and ANOSIM analyses, using a Sorensen similarity index with the presence/absence of taxa data. Independent of sampling period, additional benthic macroinvertebrate families or classes were provided by identifying fish stomach contents. We found a total of 30 taxa in this study, including 5 unique taxa (or 17% of the total) in the sediment samples, 9 unique taxa (30%) in the stomach samples, and 16 taxa (53%) common to both. The NMDS and ANOSIM analyses showed a significant separation between Van Veen sediment samples and two fish species stomach contents—L. amblyrhynchus and P. maculatus. These results indicate that fish can be used as additional samplers and are an efficient method to complement the benthic taxonomic inventory obtained through traditional sediment sampling techniques in large areas, as river segments and catchments.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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