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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Technical note: A comparison of methods to determine pH in silages
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Bernardes, T. F.
Gervásio, J. R. S.
Morais, G. de
Casagrande, D. R.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Forage analysis
pH determination
Silage fermentation
Análise de forragem
Determinação do pH
Fermentação de silagem
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: American Dairy Science Association 2019
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: BERNARDES, T. F.; GERVÁSIO, J. R. S.; MORAIS, G. de; CASAGRANDE, D. R. Technical note: A comparison of methods to determine pH in silages. Journal of Dairy Science, Champaign, v. 102, n. 10, 2019. DOI:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The techniques used to assess pH in silages vary greatly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of water-to-sample ratio, extraction procedure, and standing time on pH determination. Silage samples (n = 20 for each silage) were chosen to represent diverse crops (corn, elephant grass, sugarcane, and forage peanut) to have a varied ensilability index and thus a wide range in final pH. Three water-to-sample ratios and 2 extraction procedures were used to measure pH at 0, 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, and 120 min of standing time. The ratios (undried silage to water) were 9:60, 25:100, and 30:270. The samples with the first 2 ratios were manually extracted, using a glass beaker and a glass stirring rod. The samples with the 30:270 ratio were extracted by using a stomacher blender for 4 min at 200 rpm. An electrode was used to perform pH readings. Dry matter (DM), water-soluble carbohydrates, and lactic acid concentrations were determined. The experimental design was completely randomized using a mixed repeated-measures model. Mean separation was performed using the Tukey test at P < 0.10 using the MIXED procedure of SAS (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). The DM concentrations ranged from 24.5 to 40.2, 15.8 to 25.9, 26.9 to 30.6, and 17.8 to 21.4% for corn, elephant grass, sugarcane, and forage peanut silages, respectively. The lactic acid concentrations ranged from 2.9 to 10.1, 1.8 to 4.4, 0.7 to 11.4, and 0.3 to 1.4% of DM for corn, elephant grass, sugarcane, and forage peanut silages, respectively. The pH values measured by the 9:60 method were greater than other techniques at any standing times. The pH values from the 25:100 and 30:270 methods did not differ for elephant grass and forage peanut silages at any standing times. However, the 30:270 method had greater pH values for corn and sugarcane silages than the 25:100 technique at any standing times. The pH values measured by the 30:270 method did not vary for any of the silages according to standing time. Nevertheless, the pH values of the 25:100 method were greater from 0 to 10 min than for other standing times for all silages. Thus, for this method, there was pH stabilization from 15 min of standing time on. Overall, the 25:100 and 30:270 methods are recommended for assessment of silage pH. Fifteen minutes of standing time should be used for the 25:100 method but the pH reading can be performed immediately after mixing for the 30:270 technique.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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