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Title: First-tier detection of intragenomic 16S rRNA gene variation in culturable endophytic bacteria from cacao seeds
Keywords: Endophytic bacteria
Taxonomic and diversity studies
ADN sequencing
Cacao seeds
Intragenomic variation
Bactérias endofíticas
Variação intragenômica
Cacau - Sementes
Sequenciamento de DNA
Estudos taxonômicos e de diversidade
Issue Date: Nov-2019
Publisher: PeerJ. Ltd.
Citation: SILVA, C. B. da et al. First-tier detection of intragenomic 16S rRNA gene variation in culturable endophytic bacteria from cacao seeds. PeerJ, [S.I.], v. 7, Nov. 2019. Não paginado.
Abstract: Background Intragenomic variability in 16S rDNA is a limiting factor for taxonomic and diversity characterization of Bacteria, and studies on its occurrence in natural/environmental populations are scarce. In this work, direct DNA amplicon sequencing coupled with frequent-cutter restriction analysis allowed detection of intragenomic 16S rDNA variation in culturable endophytic bacteria from cacao seeds in a fast and attractive manner. Methods Total genomic DNA from 65 bacterial strains was extracted and the 16S rDNA hyper variable V5-V9 regions were amplified for enzyme digestion and direct Sanger-type sequencing. The resulting electropherograms were visually inspected and compared to the corresponding AluI-restriction profiles, as well as to complete genome sequences in databases. Restriction analysis were employed to substitute the need of amplicon cloning and re-sequencing. A specifically improved polyacrylamide-gradient electrophoresis allowed to resolve 5-bp differences in restriction fragment sizes. Chi-square analysis on 2x2 contingency table tested for the independence between the 'number of AluI bands' and 'type of eletropherogram'. Results Two types of electropherograms were obtained: unique template, with single peaks per base (clean chromatograms), and heterogeneous template, with various levels of multiple peaks per base (mixed chromatograms). Statistics revealed significant interaction between number of restriction fragments and type of electropherogram for the same amplicons: clean or mixed ones associated to [less than or equal to]5 or [greater than or equal to]6 bands, respectively. The mixed-template pattern combined with the AluI-restriction profiles indicated a high proportion of 49% of the culturable endophytes from a tropical environment showing evidence of intragenomic 16S rDNA heterogeneity. Conclusion The approach presented here was useful for a rapid, first-tier detection of intragenomic variation in culturable isolates, which can be applied in studies of other natural populations; a preliminary view of intragenomic heterogeneity levels can complement culture-dependent and -independent methods. Consequences of these findings in taxonomic and diversity studies in complex bacterial communities are discussed.
Appears in Collections:DFP - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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