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Title: Anti-snake venom activities of extracts and fractions from callus cultures of Sapindus saponaria
Keywords: Medicinal plants
Snake venoms
Anti-snake venom
Natural inhibitors
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: SILVA, M. L. da et al. Anti-snake venom activities of extracts and fractions from callus cultures of Sapindus saponaria. Pharmaceutical Biology, [S.l.], v. 50, n. 3, p. 366-375, 2012. DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2011.608072.
Abstract: Context: Sapindus saponaria L. (Sapindaceae) bark, root, and fruits are used as sedatives and to treat gastric ulcer and also demonstrate diuretic and expectorant effects. Objective: the anti-snake venom properties of callus of S. saponaria are investigated here for the first time. Materials and methods: in vitro cultivated callus of Sapindus saponaria were lyophilized, and the extracts were prepared with different solvents, before submitting to phytochemical studies and evaluation of the anti-ophidian activity. Crude extracts were fractionated by liquid–liquid partition and the fractions were monitored by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Subsequently, anti-ophidian activities were analyzed toward Bothrops jararacussu Lacerda (Viperidae), B. moojeni Hoge (Viperidae), B. alternates Duméril (Viperidea) and Crotalus durissus terrificus Lineu (Viperidae) venoms and isolated myotoxins and phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Results: fractions A1, A2 and the extract in MeOH:H2O (9:1) significantly inhibited the toxic and pharmacological activities induced by snake venoms and toxins, when compared to other extracts and fractions. The lethal, clotting, phospholipase, edema-inducing, hemorrhagic and myotoxic activities were partially inhibited by the different extracts and fractions. TLC profiles of the crude extracts (B and C) and fractions (A1 and A2) showed β-sitosterol and stigmasterol as their main compounds. Stigmasterol exhibited inhibitory effects on enzymatic and myotoxic activities of PLA2. Discussion and conclusion: Sapindus saponaria extracts and fractions presented anti-ophidian activity and could be used as an adjuvant to serum therapy or for its supplementation, and in addition, as a rich source of potential inhibitors of enzymes involved in several pathophysiological human and animal diseases.
Appears in Collections:DQI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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