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|Modeling of water erosion by the erosion potential method in a pilot subbasin in southern Minas Gerais
|Modelagem da erosão hídrica pelo método de erosão potencial em uma sub-bacia hidrográfica de referência no sul de Minas Gerais
Intensity of Erosion and Outflow (IntErO)
Método de Gavrilovic
Conservação do solo
|Data do documento:
|Universidade Estadual de Londrina
|TAVARES, A. S. et al. Modeling of water erosion by the erosion potential method in a pilot subbasin in southern Minas Gerais. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 40, n. 2, p. 555-572, Mar./Apr. 2019.
|Soil losses due to water erosion threaten the sustainability of agriculture and the food security of current and future generations. This study estimated potential soil losses and sediment production under different types of land uses in a subbasin in the Municipality of Alfenas, southern Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil. The objective of this research was to evaluate the application of the Potential Erosion Method by the Intensity of Erosion and Drainage program and correlate the findings with the results obtained by the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation as well as geoprocessing techniques and statistical analyses. In the Potential Erosion Method, the coefficient indicating the mean erosion intensity was 0.37, which corresponded to erosion category IV and indicated weak laminar erosion processes, and the total soil loss was 649.31 Mg year-1 and the mean was 1.46 Mg ha-1 year-1. These results were consistent in magnitude with those obtained in the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation, which estimated a mean soil loss of 1.52 Mg ha-1 year-1 and a total soil loss of 668.26 Mg year-1. The Potential Erosion Method suggests that 1.5% of the area presents potential soil losses above the soil loss tolerance limit, which ranged from 5.19 to 5.90 Mg ha-1 year-1, while the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation indicated that 7.3% of the area has potential soil losses above the limit. The maximum sediment discharge was 60 Mg year-1, meaning that 9.3% of the total soil loss reached the depositional areas of the river plains or watercourses. The Potential Erosion Method was efficient in the evaluation of water erosion in tropical soils, and the results were consistent with models widely employed in the estimation of soil losses. Thus, the model can support the evaluation of soil losses in Brazil and is a robust tool for evaluating the sustainability of agricultural activities.
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|DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos
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|ARTIGO_Modeling of water erosion by the erosion potential method in a pilot subbasin in southern Minas Gerais.pdf
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