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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Can fine-scale habitats of limestone outcrops be considered litho-refugia for dry forest tree lineages?
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Aguiar‑Campos, Natalia de
Maia, Vinícius Andrade
Silva, Wilder Bento da
Souza, Cléber Rodrigo de
Santos, Rubens Manoel dos
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Environmental fltering
Phylogenetic beta-diversity
Seasonally dry tropical forest
Species-environment relationship
Mudança ambiental
Diversidade beta filogenetica
Floresta tropical sazonalmente seca
Relação espécie-ambiente
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer Nature Dec-2019
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: AGUIAR-CAMPOS, N. de et al. Can fine-scale habitats of limestone outcrops be considered litho-refugia for dry forest tree lineages? Biodiversity and Conservation, [S.I.], v. 29, p. 1009-1026, 2020.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: In the neotropical region, seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF) are commonly associated with scatterly distributed limestone outcrops, known for harbouring high numbers of endemic species and genera. In the context of lacking knowledge on fine-scale vegetation and environmental heterogeneity of these geoecosystems and having a limestone outcrop in eastern Brazil as a case study, we address the question: how important are limestone outcrops for SDTF tree community composition, structure, function and evolution? We distinguished five habitats related to position and distance to the outcrop, and within each of 25 sampled plots (five per habitat), we identified and measured the diameter of all living tree individuals and collected soil samples for chemical and textural analyses. We investigated taxonomic and phylogenetic substitution across the habitats and fitted linear models to test the effects of habitat type, soil fertility and texture on taxonomic/structural, functional and phylogenetic parameters. We found striking taxonomic and phylogenetic differentiation among the habitats, especially related to recent diversification, with soil fertility and texture largely accounting for variations in all analysed parameters. Given the predominant roles of vicariance and in situ diversification believed to have given rise to the current patterns of endemism and diversity of eastern Brazil SDTF, we argue that the conditions presented by limestone outcrops, including aridity and high fertility, may have favoured the persistence of SDTF lineages during the Quaternary environmental changes, highlighting their role as litho-refugia. In order to complete this biogeographic puzzle, we encourage other fine-scale assessments of outcrop-associated SDTF from the phylogenetic viewpoint.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en
Appears in Collections:DCF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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