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Title: Motivos de adesão e de desistência de idosos a prática de atividade física
Other Titles: Motives of adherence and dropout of elderly to physical activity practice
Motivos de adhesión y desistimiento de las personas mayores de la práctica de actividad física
Keywords: Idosos - Atividade física
Exercício físico - Adesão
Exercício físico - Desistência
Elderly - Physical activity
Physical exercise - Adherence
Physical exercise - Dropout
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Universidade de Fortaleza - Unifor
Citation: RIBEIRO, L. B. et al. Motivos de adesão e de desistência de idosos a prática de atividade física. Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde, Fortaleza, v. 26, n. 4, p. 581-589, out./dez. 2013.
Abstract: Objective: To investigate factors that interfere on adherence of elderly to physical activity programs and reasons of dropping out of this kind of activity. Methods: To conduct the systematic review, the SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane databases were used, with search being conducted in years 2011 and 2012, using key-words in Portuguese: ‘exercício físico’, ‘idoso’, ‘adesão’ and ‘desistência’; and in English: ‘physical exercise’, ‘elderly’, ‘adherence’ and ‘dropout’. Articles available in full text version and published between 2000 and 2012 were included, reaching 17 articles, 13 of them having met the inclusion criteria. Results: Of the 13 articles, 7 were found in MEDLINE; 6, in LILACS; 3, in SciELO; and 1, in PubMed. Regarding the study design, 8 were characterized as crosssectional studies; 3 were experimental studies; 1 was a cohort study and 1 was a case study. Conclusion: It was observed that there are several reasons that induce adherence, the main ones being related to physical activity itself and the improvement of health. As the major reasons for dropout are the health problems, lack of time, poor financial condition, the distance from places were activities are performed, absence of a partner, among others.
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