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Title: Accumulation of arsenic and nutrients by castor bean plants grown on an As-enriched nutrient solution
Keywords: Phytoextraction
Soil contamination
Mamoneira - Solução nutritiva
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: MELO, E. E. C. et al. Accumulation of arsenic and nutrients by castor bean plants grown on an As-enriched nutrient solution. Journal of Hazardous Materials, [S. I.], v. 168, n. 1, p. 479-483, Aug. 2009.
Abstract: Phytoextraction is a remediation technique that consists in using plants to remove contaminants from soils and water. This study evaluated arsenic (As) accumulation in Castor bean (Ricinus communis cv. Guarany) grown in nutrient solution in order to assess its phytoextraction ability. Castor bean plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in pots containing a nutrient solution amended with increasing doses of As (0, 10, 50, 100, 250, 500 and 5000 μg L−1) in a completely randomized design with four replications. Shoot and roots dry matter production as well as arsenic and nutrient tissue concentrations were measured at the end of the experiment. The results showed that increasing As concentration in nutrient solution caused a decrease in shoot and root biomass but did not result in severe toxicity symptoms in castor bean growing under a range of As concentration from 0 to 5000 μg L−1. The As doses tested did not affect the accumulation of nutrients by castor bean. Although castor bean did not pose characteristics of a plant suitable for commercial phytoextraction, it could be useful for revegetation of As-contaminated areas while providing an additional income by oil production.
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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