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Title: Heavy metals extractability in a soil amended with sewage sludge
Other Titles: Extractabilidade de metais pesados em um solo tratado com lodo de esgoto
Keywords: Oxisol
Metals - Extraction rate
Trace elements
Metais - Taxa de extração
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" (USP-Esalq)
Citation: MARCHI, G. et al. Heavy metals extractability in a soil amended with sewage sludge. Scientia Agricola, Piracicaba, v. 66, n. 5, p. 643-649, set./out. 2009.
Abstract: Few investigations have been carried out about the comparison of desorption rate and amount of heavy metals extracted successively by organic acid mixtures mimicking the rhizosphere and routine extractants in sewage sludge-amended soils. Extractions of Zn, Cd, Ni, Cr, and Cu were performed in samples of a sewage sludge-amended soil using seven extractants: four organic acid mixtures and three routine extractants (DTPA, Mehlich-I, and ammonium acetate). Results from single pass extractions, in which the extractable metal contents were determined by simply extracting the soil a single time, as well as from 15 successive extractions, in which the solid residues of the first extraction was successively extracted 14 additional times, of heavy metals were analyzed. The extractability of heavy metals in a single pass extraction was, in general, as follows: Mehlich-I > DTPA > organic acids > NH4OAc. The highest rates of extraction followed the general order: DTPA > Mehlich-I > organic acids > NH4OAc. While Mehlich-I presented the highest extractability of heavy metals among studied extractants, DTPA showed a high extractability of Zn, Cd, Ni, and Cu in a single extraction as well as the highest rates of extraction among the studied extractants. The transfer of heavy metals from soil to organic acid solutions is slower than to DTPA and Mehlich-I extractants.
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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