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Title: Interactions between climate and soil shape tree community assembly and above-ground woody biomass of tropical dry forests
Keywords: Seasonally dry tropical forests
Tree diversity
Dry forest biomass
Dry forest community assembly
Phylogenetic composition of dry forests
Caatinga forests
Cerrado forests
Florestas tropicais sazonalmente secas
Árvores - Diversidade
Florestas secas - Composição filogenética
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: MAIA, V. A. et al. Interactions between climate and soil shape tree community assembly and above-ground woody biomass of tropical dry forests. Forest Ecology and Management, [S. I.], v. 474, Oct. 2020. DOI:
Abstract: The resilience or sensitivity of seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTF) to climate change remains an important issue because of their biodiversity and ecosystem services provision. Understand the underlying ecological processes of SDTF is crucial for the development of conservation and management strategies. We tested the hypotheses that SDTF tree species richness, above-ground woody biomass (AGWB), species and phylogenetic compositions are related to climate, soil and their interactions. We sampled 16 old-growth forest sites (313 plots) of SDTF within a 290 km latitudinal gradient. The sites are located in the transition zone between Caatinga and Cerrado biogeographic domains, and are near from Atlantic domain (~100 km). In each site we collected data on vegetation (trees with diameter at breast height ≥3 cm) and soil, and obtained climate data from WorldClim. Almost all vegetation attributes were significantly related to climate and soil. Soil texture mediated the effects of precipitation for tree species richness, AGWB and phylogenetic composition. Tree species richness decreases with annual precipitation but increases under less seasonal conditions; water availability leads to increases in AGWB and drives changes in both taxonomic and phylogenetic composition in these environments. Our findings indicate that tree species richness, above-ground woody biomass, taxonomic and phylogenetic composition of SDTFs are, in general, vulnerable to drought events even from local to regional scales and show the importance of local-scale aspects to understand SDTF diversity and ecosystem functioning; and provide useful information for conservation and management strategies.
Appears in Collections:DCF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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