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|Erosão hídrica em Latossolos Vermelhos distróficos
|Water erosion of dystrophic Red Latosols (Oxisols)
|Water erosion modeling
Modelagem de erosão hídrica
Sistema plantio direto
Manejo do solo
|Universidade Federal de Goiás
|AYER, J. E. B. et al. Erosão hídrica em Latossolos Vermelhos distróficos. Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical, Goiânia, v. 45, n. 2, p. 180-191, abr./jun. 2015.
|In their natural state, Latosols (Oxisols) present great stability and resistance to erosion, being the most abundant and used soils for farming and cattle raising activities in southern Minas Gerais State, Brazil. However, along the last one hundred years, they have been submitted to intensive cultivation and managements which favor water erosion. This study aimed to estimate the water erosion rates of dystrophic Red Latosols from the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation, compared with the soil loss tolerance limits, and assess the impact on water erosion of the managements more common in the region, by alternative conservation management simulation. Soil loss tolerance limits ranged from 8.94 Mg ha-1 year-1 to 9.99 Mg ha-1 year-1, with the study area presenting a susceptibility of soil loss of 23.86 Mg year-1, with an average rate of 8.40 Mg ha-1 year-1, corresponding to 34.80 % of the area with values above the soil loss tolerance limit. The biggest annual losses occur in areas with use and management of eucalyptus grown downhill (30.67 Mg ha-1 year-1) and pasture under continuous occupancy (11.10 Mg ha-1 year-1). However, when the average loss per type of use is considered, the areas more susceptible to water erosion are those with potato and eucalyptus crops, grown downhill, and those in bare soil. Nevertheless, in the simulated conservation management scenario, the average losses would be drastically reduced (8.40 Mg ha-1 year-1 to 2.84 Mg ha-1 year-1) and only 4.00 % of the area with soil loss would remain above the tolerance limits.
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