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Title: Steel mill waste application in soil: dynamics of potentially toxic elements in rice and health risk perspectives
Keywords: Bioaccumulation
Hazard index
Translocation factor
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Springer
Citation: CARVALHO, G. S. et al. Steel mill waste application in soil: dynamics of potentially toxic elements in rice and health risk perspectives. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, [S.l.], v. 28, p. 48427-48437, 2021.
Abstract: Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) are of great concern in steel mill wastes. Therefore, in order to use them as potential fertilizers in soil, risk assessments are needed. Three steel mill wastes were tested as possible amendments for soils at seven different doses (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 t ha−1): phosphate mud (PM), metallurgical press residue (MPR), and filter press mud (FPM) during rice cultivation in a pot experiment in a Haplic Gleisol. Analysis on rice tissues, including roots, shoots, husk, and grains, were conducted and contents of Cu, Cd, Ni, Zn, Mn, and Pb were assessed. Translocation and bioaccumulation factors were calculated for each element. In general, PTEs are more accumulated in roots and greater contents of Zn and Mn were found, while the lowest ones were found for Pb, probably due to its lack of functional roles during plants development. Higher translocation was observed for Mn, which is associated to the redox conditions of rice cultivation and the high mobility of this element under this condition. Application of steel mill wastes can increase PTE bioavailability and translocation factors, especially PM, but all of the wastes reveal a high hazard index.
Appears in Collections:DAG - Artigos publicados em periódicos
DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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