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Title: Modal properties of fruit-rachilla system of the macaw palm
Keywords: Biofuels
Principle of mechanical vibration
Dynamic behaviors
Finite element analysis
Natural frequencies
Vibrações mecânicas
Comportamentos dinâmicos
Análise de elementos finito
Frequências naturais
Issue Date: Jan-2021
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Citation: VILLAR, F. M. de M. et al. Modal properties of fruit-rachilla system of the macaw palm. PLoS ONE, San Francisco, v. 16, n. 1, e0237291, 2021. DOI:
Abstract: The macaw palm has been domesticated due to its potential use in the production of biofuel, in addition to several co-products that can be generated from its oil and pulp. One of the current challenges in this area is the harvesting, as there are no specific machines for this operation. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the appropriate information regarding the physical properties of the plant, so that it is feasible to develop the technologies necessary for the commercial scale application of macaw palm, allowing it to contribute to the sustainable production of raw material for the biofuel industry and other co-products. The principle of mechanical vibration can be used to shed fruit from trees when ripe, and it can be a method used for harvesting. Thus, as proposed in this study, it was necessary to study the dynamic behavior of the fruit-rachilla system during vibration. Hence, the modal properties of the system were determined. A study on the dynamic behaviors was carried out using a deterministic finite element model, and the natural frequencies were obtained through a frequency-scanning test to evaluate the model. The mean relative error (MRE) between the measured and simulated natural frequencies was also used to evaluate the model. The natural frequencies, determined experimentally, varied from 26.21 to 33.45 Hz on average, whereas the simulated frequencies varied from 24.81 to 39.27 Hz. The overall MRE was 9.08%. Once the model was validated, a sensibility test was carried out, which showed that the density of fruit and the elasticity modulus are the parameters that most influence the natural frequencies of the fruit-rachilla system.
Appears in Collections:DEG - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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