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Título: Cross-tolerance mechanism induction in melon seeds by priming prior drying
Título(s) alternativo(s): Indução do mechanismo de tolerância cruzada em sementes de melão osmoticamente condicionadas antes da secagem
Palavras-chave: Melão – Sementes – Viabilidade
Sementes – Armazenamento – Testes
Estatística agrícola
Melons – Seeds – Viability
Seeds – Storage – Testing
Agriculture - Statistical methods
Data do documento: 15-Out-2014
Editor: Universidade Federal de Lavras
Citação: LIRA, J. M. S. et al. Cross-tolerance mechanism induction in melon seeds by priming prior drying. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, Lavras, v. 39, n. 2, p. 131-137, Mar./Apr. 2015.
Resumo: The loss of benefits after re-drying is one of the drawbacks of the seed priming technique. Different types of stresses have been used before re-drying to preserve the priming benefits. This process may be seen as promoting cross tolerance to increase the defense mechanisms that prevent loss of viability in seeds primed after drying. We tested the effect of some stresses to induce cross-tolerance and different drying conditions with the aim of maintaining priming benefits in melon seeds. The seeds were primed in an aerated KNO3 solution (0.35M), -1.7MPa, 25 °C, in the dark for six days. The primed seeds were then submitted to slow drying, fast drying, cold shock + slow drying, cold shock + fast drying, heat shock + slow drying, heat shock + fast drying, PEG + slow drying, PEG + fast drying, ABA + slow drying, ABA + fast drying and no drying (planted directly after priming). We evaluated antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD, CAT and APX), germinability, mean time of germination (MTG) and mean rate of germination (MRG). A completely randomized design was used with three repetitions of 50 seeds in each treatment. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and means were compared by the Scott-Knott test (p ≤ 0.05). ABA increased SOD activity after drying and CAT activity was reduced by priming. APX activity was not observed. The stress submission prior to re-drying improved the MRG and reduced MTG. Therefore, the induction of the cross-tolerance mechanism could be effective to maintain priming benefits in melon seeds.
Aparece nas coleções:Ciência e Agrotecnologia
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