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Título: Benefits of fish oil consumption over other sources of lipids on metabolic parameters in obese rats
Palavras-chave: Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Plasma lipids
Dietary fat
N-3 fatty acids
Metabolic syndrome
N-6 fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids
Ácidos graxos poliinsaturados
Lípidos plasmáticos
Gordura dietética
Ácidos graxos N-3
Síndrome metabólica
Ácidos graxos N-6
Ácidos graxos saturados
Data do documento: 2018
Editor: MDPI
Citação: GONDIM, P. N. et al. Benefits of fish oil consumption over other sources of lipids on metabolic parameters in obese rats. Nutrients, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 1-13. DOI:
Resumo: This study evaluated the effect of the consumption of different levels and sources of lipids on metabolic parameters of Wistar rats. Animals were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) containing 20% of lard for 12 weeks to cause metabolic obesity. Subsequently, the animals were divided into six groups and were fed diets with lipid concentrations of 5% or 20% of lard (LD), soybean oil (SO) or fish oil (FO), for 4 weeks. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (two-way) followed by Tukey post hoc test (p < 0.05). The groups that consumed FO showed less weight gain and lower serum levels of triacylglycerol (TAG), total cholesterol and fractions, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, atherogenic index, less amount of fat in the carcass, decreased Lee index and lower total leukocyte counting (p < 0.05). These same parameters were higher in LD treatment (p < 0.05). In the concentration of 20%, carcass fat content, blood glucose levels, as well as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) decreased in FO groups (p < 0.05). The SO group had intermediate results regarding the other two treatments (FO and LD). We concluded that fish oil intake was able to modulate positively the metabolic changes resulting from HFD.
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