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Título: Spatial variability of air dry bulb temperature and black globe humidity index in a broiler house during the heating phase
Título(s) alternativo(s): Variabilidade espacial de variáveis ambientais em um galpão avícola durante a fase de aquecimento
Palavras-chave: Frangos de corte - Desenvolvimento
Interpolação por krigagem
Estresse térmico
Broilers - Development
Kriging interpolation
Data do documento: Mai-2013
Editor: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Citação: PONCIANO, P. F.; YANAGI JUNIOR, T.; FERRAZ, G. A. E. S.; SCALON, J. D.; SCHIASSI, L. Spatial variability of air dry bulb temperature and black globe humidity index in a broiler house during the heating phase. Engenharia Agrícola, Jaboticabal, v. 33, n. 3, p. 432-444, maio/jun. 2013.
Resumo: The air dry-bulb temperature (tdb),as well as the black globe humidity index (BGHI), exert great influence on the development of broiler chickens during their heating phase. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the structure and the magnitude of the tdb and BGHI spatial variability, using geostatistics tools such as semivariogram analysis and also producing kriging maps. The experiment was conducted in the west mesoregion of the states of Minas Gerais in 2010, in a commercial broiler house with heating system consisting of two furnaces that heat the air indirectly, in the firsts 14 days of the birds' life. The data were registered at intervals of five minutes in the period from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. The variables were evaluated by variograms fitted by residual maximum likelihood (REML) testing the Spherical and Exponential models. Kriging maps were generated based on the best model used to fit the variogram. It was possible to characterize the variability of the tdb and BGHI, which allowed observing the spatial dependence by using geostatistics techniques. In addition, the use of geostatistics and distribution maps made possible to identify problems in the heating system in regions inside the broiler house that may harm the development of chicks.
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