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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Pulsed vacuum osmotic dehydration of tomatoes: Sodium incorporation reduction and kinetics modeling
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Corrêa, Jefferson Luiz Gomes
Ernesto, Dovel Branquinho
Mendonça, Kamilla Soares de
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Sodium reduction
Fick diffusivity model
Fito model
Osmotic dehydration
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier Sep-2016
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: CORRÊA, J. L. G.; ERNESTO, D. B.; MENDONÇA, K. S. G. Pulsed vacuum osmotic dehydration of tomatoes: Sodium incorporation reduction and kinetics modeling. LWT, [S. l.], v. 71, p. 17-24, Sept. 2016.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Semi-dehydrated food is obtained via osmotic dehydration (OD). The influence of the osmotic agent (27.5% sucrose or maltodextrin combined with 10.0% of NaCl, 40 °C) with/without the application of a vacuum pulse (VP) (100 mbar, 20 min) on the NaCl incorporation and on the kinetics of water loss (WL), solid gain (SG), and water activity (aw) were studied in the OD of sliced tomatoes. The kinetics of the WL and SG were evaluated and fitted with diffusive and hydrodynamic models. The NaCl incorporation was 25% lower in the maltodextrin-NaCl solution (MN) compared to the sucrose-NaCl solution (SN). The MN reduced that incorporation compared to the SN. Moreover, the salt incorporation was significantly reduced (by approximately 50%) by using a VP in the osmotic process, which was independent of the ternary solution. The variable effective diffusivity improved the fitness of the OD kinetics with respect to the constant diffusivity or the modelling of the hydrodynamic mechanism. The large reduction of NaCl incorporation obtained in the present work, which was mainly due to the use of a VP, suggests that more attention is necessary in studies of OD with vacuum pulse involving the immersion of food in a ternary.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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