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|Sugarcane bagasse drying in a cyclone: influence of device geometry and operational parameters
Fluidized bed drying
|Taylor & Francis
|OLIVEIRA, L. F. et al. Sugarcane bagasse drying in a cyclone: influence of device geometry and operational parameters. Drying Technology, New York, v. 29, n. 8, p. 946-952, Jun. 2011.
|Sugarcane bagasse is becoming more and more commonly used in generating electrical energy, steam, and bioethanol. Drying is important in sugarcane and other types of biomass because it can be used to improve the calorific value and overall energetic use. In this work, sugarcane bagasse was treated by drying in a cyclonic dryer. The influence of the geometry of the device (the conical part of the cyclone) and process parameters (bagasse mass flow rate and temperature) were tested. The modification on the conical part was related to two different angles and with two different inferior outlets (B). Experimental design was carried out for each geometry. The independent variables were the drying agent temperature (35 to 275°C) and the bagasse mass flow rate (0.1 × 10−2 to 2.9 × 10−2 kg s−1). The air flow rate was kept constant at 7.5 × 10−2 kg s−1. The dependent variables were moisture reduction (MR) and average particle residence time (tres) in the cyclonic dryer. For both cyclonic geometries, it was observed that MR was directly proportional to the temperature and inversely proportional to the bagasse mass flow rate. tres was also inversely proportional to the bagasse mass flow rate. Decreasing B tended to increase tres and MR.
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|DCA - Artigos publicados em periódicos
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